The Kingdom I Property is an expansive forested ownership found in northeastern Vermont. The ownerships is made up of two parcels. It has varied terrain of hills, mountains, broad flats and numerous brooks and wetlands. It has long been industrial forestland and with the Conservation Easement in place, will remain that way. The property is almost 98% forested, with 8,515 acres out of the total 8,844 being commercial area, however only 7,983 acres is available for harvest due to a conservation easement stipulation restricting all harvest activities on a portion of the forested area adjacent to Pherrins River. The non-forested acres are wetlands and brooks, woods roads, log landings, and gravel pits.
|Property Name||Kingdom 1|
|Previous Owner||Trust for Public Land|
|Dominant Forest Type||70% Northern Hardwood 30% Spruce-Fir|
|Address||5086 US Route 5, Newport Newport, VT – 05855|
The Norton Pond (NP) compartment is found west of the southern end of Norton Pond. Pherrins River enters the south end of Norton Pond running through the Norton Pond parcel parallel to state highway Route 114, which is the town highway providing access to the entire lot. The Hurricane Brook road and several spurs from it provide access connecting the majority of the forested area and Route 114. The Bill Sladyk Wildlife Management Area bounds the parcel to the north and west on a northern portion.
The Starr Mountain (SM) parcel is found off the Lost Nation Road, which connects to Vermont Route 114. The Lost Nation Road provides access to several year round and seasonal landowners who own land adjacent to, and near the Starr Mountain parcel. The Radar road crosses the southern corner of the compartment and connects to several poor condition roads in the town of Granby. The parcels is located just east of Deer Hill which reaches a height of 1680 ft. above sea level (ASL). An eastern boundary line of the parcel cuts the peak of Starr Mountain, which reaches a height of 2,780 ft. ASL. From north to south, La Pawack Brook, Jack Brook, and Moose Brook are found across the parcel. Each of these streams, or tributaries from them rely on the Starr Mountain parcel to provide much of their watershed.
The Kingdom I ownership, acquired in 2004 was once part of a larger ownership most recently owned by the John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company. They acquired the ownership from the James River Timber Corporation in 1993. The James River Timber Corporation bought out the Brown Paper Company in the early 80’s, taking ownership of the previously Brown Paper Company lands. The ownership was encumbered by a larger conservation easement (encumbering 31, 493 acres owned by Hancock in Essex and Orleans Counties), when sold to the State of Vermont in 1996.
There are four primary forest ecotypes on the property. From lowest to highest elevations these are:
a. Spruce-fir flats: This eco-type is located on the lower elevation flats and is most commonly found adjacent to wetlands, bogs, and bodies of water. The sites are poorly drained and provide ideal habitat for the primary timber resource of Red spruce and Balsam fir that dominate the type. There can be scattered pockets of Red maple, Black cherry, or Yellow birch along the fringes of the type but these sites are not conducive for growing quality stems in the hardwoods. On this ownership these stands have generally been left to grow since the old days of commercial clear-cuts back in the 70’s, and are most often overstocked and suffering mortality.
b. Low & Mid-Slope Type: As the elevations increase from the wetland areas, the soils begin to become better drained and move from Spruce-fir dominated stands to a higher percentage of hardwood. Although many times the stands yet may be dominated by softwood, these stands tend to produce better quality trees than do the flats. Much of the SH and HS on this own falls into this zone, and perhaps the best expression of the type is a mix of Red spruce and Yellow birch with a minor Red maple component.
c. Upland Mid-Slope Hardwood Type: These are the most productive sites found in the southern Adirondack Region. Species composition tends to favor the shade tolerant species of Sugar maple and beech with lesser components of Black cherry, Red maple and Yellow birch. Somewhat unique to this ownership is the steady presence of mature Red spruce that can be found throughout the type. Some of the past cutting has left poor stands, but by and large, the combination of intelligent silviculture and good site quality has left us a quality resource. On high elevations, the shallow, excessively drained soils don’t allow for timber to grow to good quality. It is generally found on the J.P. Lewis tract. These sites are normally dominated by beech and spruce, but because of windthrow disturbance there is also a component of poor quality Yellow birch, Black cherry and Aspen which are the most frequent species to be found on the type.